How to Write a Provisional Patent Application:

1. Pre-drafting Analysis: (Complete this task BEFORE writing the provisional patent application).

a. Identify Problem(s) solved or addressed by invention. Be specific; (see Problem Solving page for more info)

b. Determine specifically how the problem is solved or addressed;

c. Identify the key novel structure(s), component(s), or steps that enables the problem to be solved or addressed; and,

d. Can you think of any other reason(s) why the key novel structure(s),component(s), or steps may be used?

2. What is the Invention? How should it be defined?

The invention can be classified as a device (or composition), a method (comprising steps), or a system (comprising a combination of devices or compositions).
Ask this question: Who is the potential licensee or the infringing party if the patent is granted?

3.  Identify the Invention’s Optimal Commercial Setting:  Who is likely to want use or buy your invention and can they be reached in an infringement lawsuit brought in the U.S.?

4. Provisional Patent application Steps:

a. Prepare a sketch of the invention (or flow diagram if the invention is a method) listing the key parts (or steps) and their relationship(s) to other parts (or steps);

b. Prepare the Abstract using the sketch. Limit it to 150 words. Use active voice. Consider: ‘What is the problem (s) and what are the key novel components?” Do not discuss the prior art or the benefits or advantages addressed by your invention;

c Cut and Paste the Abstract into the Summary Section and then expand it describing how the problems identified in the1(a) and 1(b) are solved;

d. Prepare Claim 1 (identify only the mandatory or required elements or steps, no optional elements or steps. Use same terminology used in the Summary and Abstract. You may need to revise the Abstract and Summary sections when you write Claim 1.

e. Prepare informal drawings on 8-1/2 by 11 sheet of papar, keep 1 inch margins, black line drawings only, no color and no shading, LLabel each view as ‘FIG.1’, FIG. 2 (See Word doc. link below); attached reference numbers to key componets, (see Ref# list below).

f. Prepare the Description of the Preferred Embodiment Section: Cut and Paste the Abstract material into this section. Exapand and write in narrative form to allow the reader to see the feature in the drawings. Add reference numbers in logical order to the text and to the drawings. Explain and show all the embodiments and optional elements or features.

5. Final Review:
Review the application for completness, typos, and grammatical errors;. Save in WORD and then contact us at We will then send you a signed NDA. You will then be instructed to send us a copy fo the application.


Useful tools:

PPA template (PDF)

PPA template (Click on ‘WORD’ doc)



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